Oxford Arson Squad (or Oxford Arson Group) is a militant organization, which emerged in the United Kingdom in 2005 after claiming the firebombing of the Corpus Christi College Sports Pavilion at Oxford University. The University denounced these acts of direct action stating that "the intimidating nature of this message is totally unacceptable".
The activists use the same leaderless-resistance model as the Animal Liberation Front (ALF), which consists of small, autonomous, covert cells acting independently. A cell may consist of just one person.
Longbridges boathouse fireEdit
The group became known after the first arson in Oxford which caused an estimated £500,000 worth of damage on 4 July 2005. In response to this attack, with the insurance premiums set to rise for the business, Longbridge's boathouse were given corporate sponsorship and donations.
The fire caused 26 boats in total to become unusable which were part of St Hilda’s, St Catherine’s, Hertford, Mansfield and St Benet’s Hall boats and boat clubs. Upon investigation the cause of the fire was attributed to incendiary devices which had been placed in the Eight's bays. The group stated that they targeted the boathouse because of their apparent ties to Oxford University that use primates in experiments. The group in a posting to Bite Back said,
From here on nothing you own, rent or have dealings with is off limits until the project is scrapped, To warn builders and suppliers that they are going to get some, even if their involvement comes to light years later we will not let you off the hook!
We are appalled by the contents of a statement concerning the fire in an Oxford College boathouse. The intimidating nature of this message is totally unacceptable.
Two arsons were unsuccessful with an incendiary device found deactivated at Christ Church College's Sport Pavilion, despite the group claiming they had targeted Corpus Christi College in July 2005. The second device at Oxford’s Templeton College in February 2007 was found also deactivated. Again the group claimed to have carried out an arson attack, saying again in an anonymous communique to Bite Back:
This latest action is part of an ongoing fight against the University of Oxford and its continued reign of terror over the unseen victims inside its animal labs.
In November 2006, there was an arson at Queen's College, this was again claimed to be because of the financial relationship with Oxford University. The Animal Liberation Front consists of small autonomous groups of people all over the world who carry out direct action according to the ALF guidelines. Any group of people who are vegetarians or vegans and who carry out actions according to ALF guidelines have the right to regard themselves as part of the ALF. A message was sent to the Bite Back website stating,
ALF volunteers gained access to the roof of the building and after removing a section of roof tiling placed an incendiary device containing 12 litres of fuel inside. Attacks will escalate in the face of an institution and government which have sought to destroy legal protest and continue to sanction violence to animals
Similar attacks occurred nearly a year later in November 2007, when the ALF alleged vehicles belonging to a researcher of the Department of Experimental Psychology at Oxford University were firebombed as well as a director of Acorn Integrated systems sports car, who the group accused of aiding the construction of the laboratory. The group said in a message to Bite Back: "There will be more. For Barry and Felix.".
- Leaderless resistance
- Animal Liberation Front (ALF)
- Western Animal Rights Network (WARN)
- Animal testing
- Animal rights
- ↑ 1.0 1.1 Anti-vivisectionists claim responsibility for Oxford attack, The Guardian, 28th September 2005.
- ↑ Arson Attack on Oxford University Property, Bite Back, 25 September 2005.
- ↑ 3.0 3.1 Group Profile: Oxford Arson Squad, MIPT Terrorism Knowledge Database.
- ↑ 4.0 4.1 4.2 Animal rights group targets colleges in arson attacks, Cherwell24, 5 October 2004.
- ↑ Arson Attack on Oxford University, Bite Back, 6 July 2005.
- ↑ A protest to far, The Oxford Student, 5 October 2005.
- ↑ Arson Attack Targets Oxford University, Bite Back, 24 February 2007.
- ↑ Animal Liberation Front renews its threat to Oxford, The Telegraph, 27 December 2007.
- ↑ Arson attack at University sports pavilion, Oxford Mail, 20 November 2006.
- ↑ Arson Attack at Oxford - For Barry, Bite Back
- ↑ Arson Attacks Target Oxford Uni., Bite Back magazine, 8 November 2007.
- ↑ Terrorist burns out sta cars in latest attack, Oxford Student, 15 November, Volume 48, Issue 7.
- ↑ Terrorist burns out staff cars in latest attack, Oxford Student, 15 November, Volume 48, Issue 7.