Nina Mary Benita Douglas-Hamilton, Duchess of Hamilton (13 May 1878 – 12 January 1951) was the co-founder in 1903 of the Animal Defence and Anti-Vivisection Society, with Lizzy Lind af Hageby, and in 1912 became a founder of the Scottish Society for the Prevention of Vivisection, which went on to become Advocates for Animals.[1] She also ran an animal sanctuary at Ferne House in Dorset, the estate she and her husband owned.[2]

Born in Salisbury, Douglas-Hamilton was the daughter of Major Robert Poore. She married Alfred Douglas Douglas-Hamilton, 13th Duke of Hamilton, and died in London. A Princess Coronation Class steam locomotive was named after her, which is on static display at the National Railway Museum, York. The Duchess Nina Institute in the village of Quarter, near Hamilton, Scotland, was a gift to the villagers by the Duke and Duchess of Hamilton and was formally opened on 24 September 1910.


  1. For the Animal Defence and Anti-Vivisection Society, see Rappaport, Helen. "Lind-af-Hageby, Louise", Encyclopedia of Women Social Reformers, Volume 1, ABC-CLIO, 2001.
  2. Smith, Andy. "Press dynasty is coming home from exile to a '£6m' mansion", The Observer, 13 June 1999.

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