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File:Issue 29 Arkangel Magazine Cover.jpg

Arkangel is a British-based bi-annual animal liberation magazine, first published in the winter of 1989. The magazine, which is sold internationally, covers global aspects of underground and overground animal rights campaigning, and promotes a vegan lifestyle.[1]

The magazine was the idea of Ronnie Lee, the founder of the Animal Liberation Front (ALF).[2] While in prison, he regularly received letters of support and details of unreported actions by ALF activists. Lee decided to publish these in the form of a magazine, with the first edition put together by Vivian Smith.[3] The magazine continues to be written largely by activists associated with the British ALF.[4]

See alsoEdit


  1. Nocella, Anthony. "Understanding the ALF: From Critical Analysis to Critical Pedagogy," in Best, Steven. Terrorists or Freedom Fighters?. Lantern Books, 2004, p. 195.
  2. "Ronnie Lee Fighting Talk: an interview with Arkangel", Arkangel, issue 25.
  3. Mann, Keith. From Dusk 'til Dawn: An insider's view of the growth of the Animal Liberation Movement. Puppy Pincher Press, 2007, p. 189.
  4. Garner, Robert. Animals, Politics and Morality, Manchester University Press, 2004, p. 78.

Further readingEdit

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